A Signature Grade floor is manufactured from the smallest number of logs possible in order to achieve the least variation in log color and grain matching . For the absolutely best floor possible, order your floor in random widths to use the greatest percentage of each perfect log.
We are not able to use the center of the log because of inherent defects of the first years of growth. As a young tree, the center of the tree will have had many small branches creating defects.
Young trees start off their growth slowly, shaded by the dense canopy, until they are able to penetrate through the top and reach the sunlight. The first ten feet of the log generally does not meet our quality standards due to the imperfections associated with the tree’s early growth years. The length of our hardwood flooring is limited to how far apart any branches or other imperfections occur.
We remove all the sap wood from the outside diameter of the log. The amount of sapwood is dependent on the species of tree but also on the growing conditions. Faster growing trees with access to full sunlight will have more sapwood. Of course for maple and ash we use only the sap wood.
A twenty-two inch diameter log ten feet long will yield approximately 250 square feet of grain and color matched six inch wide quarter sawn flooring. It will produce about four hundred and sixty square feet of random width flooring.
A twenty-two inch diameter log ten feet long will yield approximately 200 square feet of grain and color matched six inch wide rift cut flooring. It will produce about three hundred and sixty square feet of random width flooring.